#onthisday May 10, 1994, Nelson Mandela is sworn in as South Africa’s 1st black president. Mandela was a leader of the African National Congress (ANC), a black political organization dedicated to winning rights for the black majority in white-ruled South Africa. After leading many black South African’s in peaceful protests against the racist National Party, Mandela was arrested and charged with treason and served 27 years as a political prisoner of the South African government. In 1989, F.W. de Klerk became South Africa’s president and set about dismantling apartheid and ordered the release of Nelson Mandela. After his release, Mandela led the ANC in its negotiations with de Klerk to end apartheid and established a multiracial government. Mandela and de Klerk jointly won the Nobel Peace Prize and Mandela, after his election, presided over the enactment of a new South African constitution. Learn more about this remarkable time in history with these select resources.